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AFRICA FOUNDATION COMMUNITY RESILIENCE PLAN:
319 million people in sub-Saharan Africa do not have access to a hygienic water point, a figure which equates to 48% of Africa’s population (WHO). Research by WHO and UNICEF demonstrated that rural areas suffer the most. They found that 29% of rural health facilities had no water services in 2016 and 42% of rural schools are without water services (2018)
Botswana is among the top 17 countries globally facing an extreme water crisis. The impact of which is felt critically in rural communities.
In South Africa 46% of a 56m population do not have water in their homes. 13% of those living in the rural areas of Mpumalanga and KwaZulu Natal Province have to travel over 200 metres to reached piped water from a communal tap.
The people most affected by water scarcity also tend to be vulnerable members of society in other ways; they suffer from limited funds, poor nutrition, life-threatening communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDs and TB.
The main precautionary measures advised by WHO in the face of COVID-19 are:
- Frequent and comprehensive hand-washing practices
- Social distancing
Both of these are made difficult by a lack of household access to water, and a dependency on communal taps.
Our goal is to act fast and ensure that:
1.Clinics have access to water –through the repair or provision of new boreholes.
2. Communities have access to a water source - through installation or repair of boreholes
2.Vulnerable households with no direct water supply have a hippo water roller which easily transports and stores 90 litres of water, reducing the frequency at which a person has to visit a communal water collection point.
2. MEDICAL SUPPLIES
The strategy of #flatten the curve aims to slow down infection rates so as not to over burden the healthcare system. Lockdown also aimed to slow down the spread of the virus, creating opportunity for Health Departments, hospitals and clinics to prepare themselves for arrival of infected COVID-19 patients.
In many rural African communities, healthcare facilities are already woefully under-resourced and under-capacitated to effectively manage an outbreak of COVID-19.
Many rural clinics do not even have a direct water supply. They are dependent on municipality deliveries of water in tanks, or their own collection of water from community taps.
Most rural clinics have a shortage of equipment and medical supplies, and are resourced to deal with relatively low patient volumes, and relatively uncomplicated complaints. Referral for more complex cases is to District hospitals often over 20km away, accessible only by irregular public transport services.
In short, the clinics accessed by the 73 communities Africa Foundation supports are not equipped to respond to COVID-19.
Our goal is to ensure that Dr's and Nurses have adequate Personal Protection equipment, screening stations are set up at clinics and there is sufficient screening and sanitisation supplies.
3. SHORT-TERM FOOD RELIEF FOR VULNERABLE HOUSEHOLDS
Household food security, as defined by FAO, is the ability of the household to secure, either from its own production or through purchases, adequate food to meet the dietary needs of all members of the household.
Social distancing and nationwide lockdowns, in response to COVID-19, have brought about a number of changes that are affecting a families ability to meet its needs:
Children are not attending schools and pre-school. In these institutions they would usually receive a daily hot meal, which they are now deprived of.
Many adults are no longer able to work and are not getting their usual income.
The closure of hotels and restaurants has reduced demand on services and supplies, removing a whole trading market for many businesses in the neighbouring areas.
Food price increases are already being observed as a result of the restrictions in movement of people and goods, increasing demand on a reduced supply.
Cumulatively, these effects are putting the poorest households, with the least cushioning, under immense and immediate pressure. And particularly in areas dependent on tourism, it is difficult to see when the pressure will be fully relieved and what the long-term lasting consequences may be. This uncertainty is extremely frightening and is layered on top of great fears around the spread of a potentially fatal virus.
Our goal is to provide identified vulnerable households with supplementary food parcels, containing goods sourced locally whenever possible.
KEY TO MITIGATING THE IMPACTS OF COVID-19 IS TO ACT FAST - AND WE NEED YOUR SUPPORT TO DO THAT:
R850 provides a household food parcel for an identified vulnerable family for 1 month.
R2,800 buys a Hippo Roller for a vulnerable household, to collect and store water more easily and efficiently.
R15,000 provides a medical supplies package for one clinic.
R30,000 can fund repairs of broken boreholes and taps at clinics.
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